Publication
Rao SSP et al. (2017)Cohesin Loss Eliminates All Loop Domains.

current
   May 16th, 2019 at 2:34pm

Overview


Abstract

The human genome folds to create thousands of intervals, called "contact domains," that exhibit enhanced contact frequency within themselves. "Loop domains" form because of tethering between two loci-almost always bound by CTCF and cohesin-lying on the same chromosome. "Compartment domains" form when genomic intervals with similar histone marks co-segregate. Here, we explore the effects of degrading cohesin. All loop domains are eliminated, but neither compartment domains nor histone marks are affected. Loss of loop domains does not lead to widespread ectopic gene activation but does affect a significant minority of active genes. In particular, cohesin loss causes superenhancers to co-localize, forming hundreds of links within and across chromosomes and affecting the regulation of nearby genes. We then restore cohesin and monitor the re-formation of each loop. Although re-formation rates vary greatly, many megabase-sized loops recovered in under an hour, consistent with a model where loop extrusion is rapid.

Authors

Rao SSP  •  Huang SC  •  Glenn St Hilaire B  •  Engreitz JM  •  Perez EM  •  Kieffer-Kwon KR  •  Sanborn AL  •  Johnstone SE  •  Bascom GD  •  Bochkov ID  •  Huang X  •  Shamim MS  •  Shin J  •  Turner D  •  Ye Z  •  Omer AD  •  Robinson JT  •  Schlick T  •  Bernstein BE  •  Casellas R  •  Lander ES  •  Aiden EL

Link

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28985562


Journal

Cell

PMID:28985562

Published

October 5th, 2017