Publication
Houda Belaghzal et al. (2019)Compartment-dependent chromatin interaction dynamics revealed by liquid chromatin Hi-C

current
   October 30th, 2019 at 12:28am

Overview


Abstract

Chromosomes are folded so that active and inactive chromatin domains are spatially segregated. Compartmentalization is thought to occur through polymer phase/microphase separation mediated by interactions between loci of similar type. The nature and dynamics of these interactions are not known. We developed liquid chromatin Hi-C to map the stability of associations between loci. Before fixation and Hi-C, chromosomes are fragmented removing the strong polymeric constraint to enable detection of intrinsic locus-locus interaction stabilities. Compartmentalization is stable when fragments are over 10-25 kb. Fragmenting chromatin into pieces smaller than 6 kb leads to gradual loss of genome organization. Dissolution kinetics of chromatin interactions vary for different chromatin domains. Lamin-associated domains are most stable, while interactions among speckle and polycomb-associated loci are more dynamic. Cohesin-mediated loops dissolve after fragmentation, possibly because cohesin rings slide off nearby DNA ends. Liquid chromatin Hi-C provides a genome-wide view of chromosome interaction dynamics. Highlights

Authors

Houda Belaghzal  •  Tyler Borrman  •  Andrew D. Stephens  •  Denis L. Lafontaine  •  Sergey V. Venev  •  Zhiping Weng  •  John F. Marko  •  Job Dekker

Link

https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/704957v1


Journal

bioRxiv

doi:10.1101/704957

Published

July 16th, 2019