Publication

Single-cell landscape of nuclear configuration and gene expression during stem cell differentiation and X inactivation

current
   November 24th, 2020 at 7:56pm

Overview


Abstract

Mammalian development is associated with extensive changes in gene expression, chromatin accessibility, and nuclear structure. Here, we follow such changes associated with mouse embryonic stem cell differentiation and X inactivation by integrating, for the first time, allele-specific data obtained by high-throughput single-cell RNA-seq, ATAC-seq, and Hi-C. In differentiated cells, contact decay profiles, which clearly distinguish the active and inactive X chromosomes, reveal loss of the inactive X-specific structure at mitosis followed by a rapid reappearance, suggesting a bookkeeping mechanism. In differentiating embryonic stem cells, changes in contact decay profiles are detected in parallel on both the X chromosomes and autosomes, suggesting profound simultaneous reorganization. The onset of the inactive X-specific structure in single cells is notably delayed relative to that of gene silencing, consistent with the idea that chromatin compaction is a late event of X inactivation. Novel computational approaches to effectively align single-cell gene expression, chromatin accessibility, and 3D chromosome structure reveal that long-range structural changes to chromosomes appear as discrete events, unlike progressive changes in gene expression and chromatin accessibility. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

Authors

Giancarlo Bonora  •  Vijay Ramani  •  Ritambhara Singh  •  He Fang  •  Dana Jackson  •  Sanjay Srivatsan  •  Ruolan Qiu  •  Choli Lee  •  Cole Trapnell  •  Jay Shendure  •  Zhijun Duan  •  Xinxian Deng  •  William S. Noble  •  Christine M. Disteche

Link

https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.11.20.390765v1


Journal

bioRxiv

doi:10.1101/2020.11.20.390765

Published

November 20th, 2020


Other data used in this publication